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The history of Golestan palace

Golestan Palace was built during the Safavid dynasty as a citadel then was redecorated in the Zand dynasty by the order of Karim Khan, the king of that time. When Agha Mohammad Khan, the Qajar king announced Tehran as the new capital of Iran, Golestan palace became the Qajar residence. It then was rebuild for the last time in 1865 by Haji Ab ol Hasan Mimar Navai.

Pahlavi kings used Niavaran palace as their residence but very important ceremonies like Reza Shah and Mohamad Reza Shah (Reza Shah’s son) coronations were held in the Golestan Palace. Pahlavi kings gave a lot of importance to the Golestan palace but in 1945, Reza Shah ordered the destruction of a large section of Golestan palace. He believed the value we give to the historical sites must not prevent the capital from modernizing and growing therefore in the destructed area he started to build commercial buildings in modern styles.

Golestan Palace is a world heritage site

Golestan palace was added to the UNESCO world heritage site list in 2013 under the cultural criteria and is the first Tehran historical sight added to this list.

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Inside the Golestan palace

In this article, I am going to explain the 13 most important elements of the Golestan palace that attract many art lovers yearly. These elements include museums, palaces, and halls, mostly made by Qajar kings.

1-Marble throne (Takhte Marmar)

Marble throne is a 250 year old royal throne designed by Mirza Baba Shirazi and got its name from the 65 marble stones used in it. Its supports are in the shape of fairies and angels. This marble throne was where many Qajar kings sat and rule. Re3za Shah Pahlavi coronation was held on the marble throne and this room and the throne were very important to Pahlavi kings too.

2-Karimi khani nook (Khalvat e Karim Khani)

This nook dates back to the Zand era and Karim Khan Zand himself. Karimi Khani nook’s structure is much smaller than the Marble Throne and it has much less decoration, but its terrace will blow your mind away. With marvelous tile work, Karimi khani nook terrace attracts many famous architectures.

3-Pond House (Howz Khane)

Pond House owes its beauty to the hands of Europeans. Along with its interesting cooling systems that were used during summers, all the paintings were drawn by the Europeans. This pond channels to the royal gardens too but it isn’t used nowadays.

4-Brilliant hall (Talar e Berelian)

The Brilliant hall got its name from the thousands of little mirrors worked in that hall making it shine like little diamonds. As many of you know Iran is famous for two things: carpets and chandeliers. This hall is also famous for its golden shining chandeliers. This hall was first built to replace the Cristal hall and now plays a very important role in Iran tourism Industry.

5-Containers hall (Talar e Zoruf)

In this hall you can visit all the chinawares given to Qajar kings by europian kings like chinaware given by Napoleon Bonaparte himself or another decorated with jewels and gemstones by Queen Victoria. Make sure to pay a visit to this hall on your Iran travel.

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6-Ivory Hall (Talar e adj)

Ready to visit the Royal dining room? Ivory Hall is the place Qajar kings used to dine with their women. Most of its furniture were gifts by the europian monarchs.

7-Mirror Hall (Talar e aineh)

We already spoke about the Brilliant hall, but the mirror hall is something beyond. The most beautiful hall of the whole Golestan palace has an extraordinary mirror work and was designed by the minister of the art of that time.

8-Salam Hall (Talar e Salam)

Salam in Persian means “hello” and the Salam hall was first used as a museum but as time passed in changed to a reception hall, where the kings were greeted.

9-Diamond Hall (Talar e Almas)

This hall is also famous for its mirror works but what makes the Dimond hall special is the wallpapers Fath Ali Shah ordered for, from the europian trade men.

10-The building of Windcatchers (Emarat e Badgir)

Many believe that the origin of windcatcher goes back to the historic city of Yazd and was first constructed there. It has a very interesting cooling technique, even used today in some cities. There are four Windtowers in Golestan palace, blue, yellow and black glazed tiles, and a golden cupola.

11-The edifice of the Sun (Shams ol Emareh)

 Naser al-Din Shah Qajar, the 4th king of the Qajar Dynasty, wanted to build a mansion in his capital, Tehran that could compete with Ali Qapu in Isfahan. The tallest building of that time that he could stand on its roof and see the entire city. The edifice of the Sun was the tallest building in Tehran when it was built, and also the first building using metal in its structure.

12-Museum of Gifts

It was a warehouse under the Salam Hall in the Qajar dynasty, where they put the gifts of foreigners. In the Pahlavi era this room changed to a museum where people could freely see these gifts. The most important gifts given to the Qajar kings are Helmet of king Ismail I,  Bow and arrows of King Nader, and A decorated ostrich egg.

13-Abyaz Palace

The Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid sent precious gifts to Nasser ed-Din Shah, enough to fill a castle so The Qajar monarch built The Abyaz palace as an exhibit hall to show off these gifts to the world. Rumor has it that Nasser ed-Din Shah, himself, designed the structure and its central hall was as big as a house.


If you are interested in visiting the golestan palace, Gapa tour company has a lot of different Iran tour packages passing the capital. The beauty of the Golestan palace awaits you, all you have to do is to contact us.