01 Jul 2018raiting 4.8 /5 out of 64 vote
Abyaneh village is one of the tallest residential areas of Iran and is one of the central parts of the city of Natanz in Isfahan province. The village is 40km northwest of Natanz, on the hillside of Krex, which is 2222 meters above sea level. Abyaneh village, with temperate climate, has a favorable natural position, native architecture and diverse monuments that attract many tourists. Abyaneh village was registered on August 30, 1984 with registration number 1089 as one of the national monuments of Iran.
Abyaneh locals used to say that the village was formerly called Vienna in their language and that of Vienna in the name of the village. The reason for naming this village was that the village was formerly in the village of Vienna, and over time, the village was called Vienna. Then it was changed to Abyaneh.
Researchers and archaeologists believe that the village was created about 1500 years ago and is one of the historical sites of Iran that has gained worldwide fame. According to archaeological research, the ancient mansions of Abyaneh village were designed and built during the reigns of the Seljuks, Qajaris, Sassanians and Safavids.
The Census Bureau announced in the year 1360 the remaining 500 houses in the village of Abyaneh, all of which were built on the north side of a beautiful river called Barzrood.
Abyaneh Village has a temperate climate, and the Abyaneh Valley is a mix of Mediterranean climate
The highest average temperature is July and the lowest average temperature is January. In the region, the air cools off gradually in late January, but as soon as spring arrives, the heat rises sharply. By the end of July, the temperature is gradually decreasing, with two distinct periods of increase and decrease in temperature each year.
Most of the rainfall in this area is in winter and is often snowy. On the hillside, snow lasts until spring, but no precipitation in summer.
Abyan people speak Farsi with a particular Abyan dialect which is fundamentally different from other dialects. The peoples of this land use traditional clothing and show their zeal for it.
Abyan women sew and wear long, colorful fabrics for themselves, while women in the village wear white socks and men wear long, black trousers.
Abyanis have a special language so their names are a bit strange besides being different. Abyanids have strange names because of their different languages. Their food comes from the desert and the desert of Iran, which is healthy, natural, simple and very tasty. The official food of the Abyan people is called gappa, which is made from crushed corn and other ingredients.
The other food of the Abyan people is Qorma, which is called Abyaneh, and is mainly cooked with sacrificial mutton. The other food is the Abyan people's food, which is similar to boiled kale, which is cooked with mashed whey, mint and hot onions .
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Abyaneh village houses belong to the three periods of Seljuk, Safavid and Qajar. Most of the houses are staircases and are cube shaped with wooden doors and windows.
The old village buildings on the slope of the hillside are covered with red soil, which makes it harder to rain.
Abyaneh is a multi-storey village that houses all the village houses on a steep slope north of the Barzrud River, with the roof of the downstairs houses creating a courtyard of upstairs houses with no walls enclosed. Does not make. Gholam Nader Shah's house and the house of Vice Hussein Kashani are old Abyaneh houses.
Spring and summer are the best seasons for traveling to Abyaneh, of course Abyaneh village has a beautiful autumn and winter season and has its own audience. If you want to come to Abyaneh beautiful village you can enjoy seasonal tours of Abyaneh Hotel. Abyaneh village also has many visitors during Nowruz, Tasua and Ashura.
The Khanegah was built during the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid and is located in the "Khon Qah" or "Post Khanqah" neighborhood. The three-storey building is decorated with brick facade and its porch with multicolored arches and paintings from the Safavid period. The khanqah used to be a place of rest for the Safavids in the summer and a meeting place for Sufis and Dervishes.
Abyaneh village has eleven mosques.
Abyaneh village has a very old mosque called Jame Mosque, built in 466 AH and the oldest monument of this mosque is its wooden inlay.
Another mosque in the old village of Abyaneh is the mosque of Barzilla, which has an adjoining space on the east side of the 701 AH. Ah. It is written that it belongs to the Ilkhanid period.
Abyaneh village has another historical mosque called the Hajjah Mosque, which is built on a rock in the mountains and at the entrance of the nave of that date 952 AH. Ah. It can be seen.
Abyaneh village has two shrines to the south of the village, one being the shrine of Prince Jesus and Prince Yahya, who, according to locals, were the children of Imam Musa Kazem.
Another Abyaneh shrine is called Qadamgah. Other notable sites are the house of Gholam Nader Shah and the deputy house of Hussein Kashi.
One of the earliest Abyaneh relics is a fire temple that is considered to be an example of Zoroastrian temples built in the Sassanid era and, like other archaeological sites, downhill, in the past at the center of the fireplace always burnt by coal. It has been used for guiding convoys along with religious use.
Abyaneh Fireplace is visible from every corner of the village and the materials used in its construction are stone and mortar, from the lower floor of the fireplace there is only one small hall left, and the second floor has been the site of religious ceremonies.
The most important souvenirs of Abyaneh are handmade jewelry such as necklaces and bracelets and wall hangings, rugs and carpets are other crafts in the village.
The most popular food souvenirs are lavash, which has many fans. Abyaneh's dairy is also high quality, along with walnuts, almonds , apples and plums, among other souvenirs of this historic village.