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The national museum of Tehran is more than 70 years old and holds 300,000 objects and covers more than 20,000 square meters. Get your exciting experience with our best Iran tours. The oldest objects of the museum have been discovered in the Basin of Kashaf Rud River. They are more than a million years old. There are some attractive objects belonging to Mesolithic and Neolithic ages between 200,000 and 10,000 years old.
Among the various museums that exist in our country, the National Museum of Iran holds the Museum of Reference and the Mother. Many tourists prioritize visiting the museum and its unique treasures inside its trips to Tehran. An 80-year-old museum that is the largest museum of Iranian archeology and history, it is also one of the world's top museums in terms of volume, variety, and quality. The main purpose of this museum is to preserve and research Iranian historical and archaeological artifacts and to present them to current and future generations. In the National Museum of Iran, about 300,000 important objects are kept from different eras, and by reviewing its artifacts we can get a good glimpse of Iran's past from the Paleolithic to the contemporary. The oldest monument preserved in this museum dates back to 600,000 years ago and is the oldest evidence of human presence on the Iranian plateau.
In fact, the ancient and valuable treasures of our country in the National Museum of Iran, in two buildings of the Museum of Ancient Iran and Museum of the Islamic era have been exposed to visitors.
The Museum of Ancient Iran is a famous red and brick building with its tall and beautiful arch, well known among other buildings. The museum has two sections and its various works are on two floors. Prehistoric section, which occupies the second floor of the museum, and the historic part of which the artwork is preserved on the first floor.
As we have said, the Museum of Ancient Iran is composed of two parts of history and one of history. The prehistoric section of the museum is on the second floor and features works from the ancient Paleolithic to the late fourth millennium BC (from the oldest to the invention of the line). These works have been viewed by visitors in 7 forums. In this section, we first get acquainted with some of the various archeology courses and then introduce the important works of each period.
Paleolithic itself is divided into three periods of old, middle and new paleolithic and transparine stone. The works of this period have been exhibited in Halls 1 to 3.
This section contains the oldest man-made artifacts obtained from the Iranian plateau. The earliest man-made artifacts in Iran have been discovered in the ancient sites of Kashafrud in Khorasan, the Perry Treasure and the Cave of Darband in Gilan, Your Style in Mahabad and Ladiz in Sistan and Baluchistan. Ancient stone tools dating back to the Paleolithic period, dating back more than a million to two hundred and fifty thousand years ago. Early humans used these tools to cut the flesh and skin of animals, break their bones, and cut wood. Works and objects related to this period are displayed in Hall 1 of the Museum of Ancient Iran.
The beginning of the Middle Paleolithic period goes back more than two hundred thousand years. This period lasted forty thousand years ago. Neanderthal humans and probably early modern humans lived in Iran during this period. Their artifacts include flint tools, animal fossil remains found in caves, scraper types and sharp tools for carcass butchery hunting and skin preparation. Some of these artifacts were obtained from the Kenji Caves, Lunar Cave, Bozzi Castle and Niasser Yard and are open to visitors in Hall 2.
if you plan to travel to Iran, you visit this museum at least ones.
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The new Paleolithic period began 40,000 years ago and ended 20,000 years ago. The intelligent man of today lived in this period. In this era, stone tools from blades and scraps, bone tools and personal decorations such as shell pendants, animal teeth, and so on became popular. One of the most important places where humans lived in the new Paleolithic period is the caves of Lorestan, Malavar and Khar in Kermanshah province.
Transparent rock is also known for creating tools such as synthetic tools, use of sub stone and edible storage. It dates back to 20,000 to 12,000 years ago. At the end of the Transparent Ice Age, the stone age is also completed. The artifacts of this period have been discovered in places such as Ali Tepe Cave in Mazandaran and Passenger Shelter in Lorestan and some of them have been exhibited in Hall 3.
Other paleolithic artifacts include the remains of various animal fossils found in places like Zagros and Alborz.
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It covers the Neolithic or Rural period from about 10,000 to 5,000 years ago. Works related to this course are displayed in 4 halls with the following titles:
Early ruralization Pottery Neolithic period
Old rural development Neolithic pottery
Towards the end of the Late Late Stone Age, hunter-gatherers decided to settle down and stay in seasonal camps. Camps that were gradually populated throughout the year. The first of these villages were created with residential units of raw stone and clay in the Zagros region. Residents of these villages were able to tame some of the animals, plant cereals and eventually produce food.
One of the most important innovations of the Neolithic period was the invention of pottery from 6800 to 7000 BC. Pottery is a substance that does not exist in nature and is very stable so that much of it remains. This technology appears to have been first developed in western and southwestern Iran. Early pottery was simple and rough, but over time, its surface was decorated with geometric, animal, human and plant motifs. Examples of this pottery have been discovered in the early villages of Flint Hill, Rostam Castle, Choghabnut Hill.