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Persepolis Located in Shiraz city and Is an ancient city that has been a big ceremonial capital of Achaemenid kings. We offer you to visit Iran with our best Iran tours with the incredible palace of the Persian king, one of the biggest king of the world. The founder of Persepolis was Darius the great. The palaces covered 125000 square meters. Your trip to Iran shows you the unique world history is here. Darius the great made golden period of Persia (Iran) and he had one of the biggest countries in the world.
The Achaemenid era is one of the brightest periods in the history of Iran and the world. Cyrus was the founder of the Achaemenid dynasty, who is described in the Torah as the savior of the Jewish people by the yoke of Babylonian captivity.
Xenophon, the fourth-century BC Greek historian, introduced him as a wise, arrogant, and right-wing man who fascinated everyone.
Cyrus, who was, in fact, the prince of the Persian tribes in the sixth century BC, was able to establish the largest empire in the world, with the extraordinary intelligence of the Aryan tribes.
Loving the greenery, he chose Pasargadae as the capital and made it a beautifully landscaped garden known as Campus. It was then that the words "Ferdows" in Arabic and "Paradise" in English were derived from the word.
Cyrus, after the conquest of Babylon, which was a very important event in his time, issued a proclamation that today constitutes the first human rights charter. His son Darius also adhered to the principles of the Declaration when he succeeded in making the throne, and his successors, Khashayarshah and Ardashir I, who collaborated in the construction of the throne, installed the charter on a throne in honor of Cyrus.
The construction of Rakhte Jamshid, one of the world's tallest monuments, was started by Darius some 2,000 years ago and continued by his successors, with changes to its original structure.
According to the clay of the inscriptions found there, all those who worked at Persepolis were paid and were insured at the time, and it is interesting that even women participated in Persepolis.
Construction of Persepolis took 50 years, during which time architects and artists from all over Iran came together to create a building with their own unique materials and techniques that neither had nor exemplified at that time nor at any other time.
Persepolis in Fars province is built on a plate that is more than one hundred and five thousand square meters. This plate is on a rock that faces Mount Mahd (Mount of Mercy) from the east to the rear, from the north, south, and west into the Marvdasht plain, and can be considered a rectangular shape with an approximate dimension of 455 meters on the western side, 300 meters. On the north side, it is 430 meters to the east and 390 meters to the south.
The great inscription of Darius on the south wall of the bed clearly proves that there was no building in it before.
According to the clay of inscriptions and inscriptions discovered in Persepolis, its original name is Parseh.
These inscriptions, which remain on the wall since the Sassanid era, were called here a hundred columns.
At one point here, it was called the Throne of Salem or the Masjid of Solomon, the name of the Prophet, mentioned in the Qur'an and respected by Muslims.
After the creation of the Shahnameh by Ferdowsi, the legendary king of ancient Persia, Jamshid, succeeded Solomon, and the Persians said that the king here on the throne depicted in the stone carvings is Jamshid and here called Persepolis. Europeans also call this place Persepolis, which means "center of Persian civilization" or "city of Parsian".
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Today, the World Register of Cultural Heritage relies on the fact that these works belong not only to one nation but to the whole world.
Persepolis or Persepolis became world number 2 in the World Heritage List held in Cairo, Egypt on November 5, 2007. Prior to that, Persepolis had registered national monuments on September 5.
Take a look at the different parts of the bed
Two rows of symmetrical stairs make up the main entrance to the throne. Each staircase consists of one hundred and twelve steps and each stair is about 7 meters long, 40 cm wide and only 10 cm high.
The low stairs were intended for the convenience of the high-ranking guests, and their gentle and ceremonial move to Sofia was intended to attend the royal party.
Entrance to the palace complex was via the Gate of Nations. The stone figurine of two huge cows at the entrance reminded guests that they were about to enter the Achaemenid civilization.
Above the gates of this gate are inscriptions in Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian, in which Xerxes, after praising God, says: "I have made this gate to all the nations at the will of Ahura Mazda. There were probably other good buildings in the gaming room that my dad and I found. Every building that looks beautiful, we all built with Ahuramazda's approval. ”
Archaeological evidence suggests that the two beautiful royal royals now exhibited in the Throne Treasury and the National Museum of Iran were, in fact, symmetrical and belonged to the northern and eastern stairs of the Apadana, which best led to the royal beginning. Show.
One of the carved patterns shows a strong lion swallowing a cow. According to the researchers, this is the role of the New Year's delivery show that has been played out this way.
Findings of Persepolis in Iran
The Lydians were one of the richest satraps of the Achaemenid era, always bringing exquisite gifts to their king. Exquisite bracelets and fabrics have been among the gifts found in archaeologists and the throne.
Nowadays some of these artifacts are housed in a treasure trove called the "Sihon Treasure" in the British Museum, and pieces of the oldest Achaemenid woven cloths preserved in Siberian glaciers are housed in an astonishing collection called "Pazyrib Treasury" at the Russian Arms Museum. Are kept.
The Achaemenid kings probably used this palace to consult with the Persian nobles and other senior civil and military officials, hence the name of Shura Hall.
The Tachd Palace, which still survives after 2500 years, was the private palace of Darius. In place of this palace are polished and shiny stone-like mirrors that reflect the soft light coming through the windows.
Hedish was a privately-owned palace of Xshayarah at 2250 square meters. It was once considered one of the most beautiful Achaemenid palaces but has now been completely demolished.
Located south of Hedish, it is home to the Queen and other royal ladies, whose western part was rebuilt more than 70 years ago and today it houses the Persepolis Museum and the Parse-Pasargad Research Foundation.
It is not a good word to describe Persepolis as if it were a symphony of music and all parts are in harmony, but this beauty and harmony was set on fire by Alexander the Great after two centuries BC And all of its assets were plundered, as Plutarch put it, on the back of a mule and a camel, and that was the name of Persepolis with its creator and destroyer.